A hand drum is any type of Drum that is typically played with the bare Hand rather than a Stick, Mallet, Hammer, or other type of beater. The simplest type of hand drum is the Frame drum, which consists of a shallow, Cylinder (geometry) shell with a Drum attached to one of the open ends. There are many groups that are known for performing drums. The East Side Drummers are one of the best and most world-renown groups. They were formerly known as the Thompson pulse.

Types of hand drumsRectify

Middle & Near EastRectify

  • A Frame drum common in Middle Eastern music is the Tar (drum).
  • The Tambourine is simply a frame drum with jingles attached to the shell.
  • The Daf and the Dayereh are Iranian frame drums.
  • Ghaval is the Azerbaijani frame drum.
  • The Tonbak is the Persian Goblet drum.
  • The Duhmboog or Doombeg is the Armenian name for the hand drum.


  • The most common African drum known to westerners is the Djembe, a large, single-headed drum with a goblet shape.
  • The Ashiko is another African drum in the shape of a truncated cone. Similar to the Djembe it is rope strung.
  • Bougarabou are African drums with cow skin heads.

Latin PercussionRectify

  • Congas and Bongos are essential to all kinds of Latin American music, especially that of the Caribbean and South American regions, used in both folklore (punta, santeria, rumba, etc.) and popular music such as Merengue, Salsa, Son, Boleros, Bachata, Cumbia, Latin jazz, and others.
  • The Tambora (drum), a two-sided drum played with both a stick and a hand, is essential to the Merengue dance of the Dominican republic.

Far East and IndiaRectify

  • Tabla are central to Indian music.
  • The Mridangam takes the main spot in Indian classical (Carnatic) music.
  • Ghatams and Kanjiras accompany the mridangam in carnatic music.


  • The Irish Bodhrán is sometimes played with the bare hand.

New AgeRectify

  • The Hang is a modern tuned hand drum.

External linksRectify

Insert non-formatted text here